Emma Mawdsley is a Reader in Human Geography at the University of Cambridge, UK. In the first part of her career, she worked extensively on environmental and regional politics in India, including what was at that point a rapidly growing field in urban and 'middle class' environmental politics. For the last decade or so her work has taken a different direction, and she is a leading international scholar of 'South-South Development Cooperation'. She has a particular interest but not exclusive focus on India. Most recently, she has started to work on how 'established' donors are responding to various domestic and international changes, including stronger explicit recourse to 'national interests', a stronger private sector agenda, and the turn to blurred and blended 'development finance'. These strategies could be framed as the 'Southernisation of development'.