James Crawford AC, SC, FBA was born in Adelaide and studied law at Adelaide and Oxford Universities. He is a Judge of the International Court of Justice. From 1992 to 2015 he was Whewell Professor of International Law at the University of Cambridge; he also held chairs at Adelaide. Sydney and LaTrobe Universities. He was also a member of the Australian Law Reform Commission (1982–1990).
He was responsible for the ILC’s work on the International Criminal Court (1994) and for the second reading of the ILC Articles on State Responsibility (2001). During his practicing career, he was involved as counsel, expert or arbitrator in some 100 cases before the International Court and other international tribunals.
Publications include The Creation of States in International Law (2nd edn, 2006); Brownlie’s Principles of Public International Law (8th edn, 2012); State Responsibility: The General Part (2013), and Chance, Order, Change: The Course of International Law (2014).