Pumla Gobodo-Madikizela is Professor and Research Chair in Historical Trauma and Transformation at Stellenbosch University, South Africa. She has been Professor of Psychology at the University of Cape Town, and Senior Research Professor at the University of the Free State leading the research initiative in Trauma, Memory and Forgiveness. She served on South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and since then, her research has focused mainly on two strands of research. The first is exploring ways in which the impact of the dehumanising experiences of oppression and violent abuse continues to play out in the next generation in the aftermath of historical trauma. For her second research area, she expands her earlier work on remorse and forgiveness and probes the role of empathy more deeply by engaging a perspective that makes transparent the interconnected relationship among empathy, Ubuntu and the embodied African phenomenon of inimba, in order to find a richer, deeper and more complex understanding of empathy that takes into account an African knowledge archive. She has published extensively in the area of post-conflict trauma, including her critically acclaimed book 'A Human Being Died that Night: A South African Story of Forgiveness' which won the Christopher Award (2003) and the Alan Paton Award (2004).