Professor Cheryl Jones is the newly appointed Stevenson Chair of Paediatrics and Department Head, at the University of Melbourne, an infectious diseases physician at Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne and an internationally recognised research leader in childhood infectious diseases, particularly emerging infectious diseases of the brain in children, and vertically transmitted infections now at the MCRI. She has earned >25 million in peer reviewed funding including three NHRMC Centres for Research excellence, most recently NHMRC CRE in protecting the public against emerging infectious diseases (CREID). Her PhD was undertaken in HSV vaccine development and immune response in the laboratory of David Knipe, Harvard Medical School. She then moved to University of Sydney and Children’s Hospital Westmead where established a national program of clinical and laboratory research most recently as the leader of the CNSI3 Node at the Marie Bashir Institute for infectious Diseases and Biosecurity (Sydney). She is President of the Australasian Society for Infectious Diseases (ASID), led ASIDs advocacy for action against antimicrobial resistance. This presentation is about the Australian Childhood Encephalitis (ACE) study which she established and leads.