I Was Trying to Picture You Without Your Clothes On: The Effect of Salience on Speaker Utterance
Lecutre Theatre A, Room 103
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This presentation argues that speaker utterance is not just recipient design. While fitting words into actual situational contexts, speakers are driven not only by the intent that the hearers recognise what is intended, but also by individual salience, which affects production subconsciously and automatically. The interplay of these social and individual factors shapes speaker utterance. The effect of individual salience (which is usually uncontrolled) may result in uttering semantic units that make their own context, and occasionally may cause misunderstandings.
This lecture will demonstrate that recipient design usually requires an inductive process that is carefully planned, while salience effect generally appears in the form of a deductive process that may contain repairs and adjustments. The speaker has something on his/her mind, and this intention is formulated abruptly, rather carelessly without specific planning.